March 1, 2019
BEIJING, March 1 (Reuters) – China’s factory activity improved in February but remained in contractionary territory for a third month as the world’s second-largest economy continued to struggle with weak export orders, a private survey showed on Friday.
The readings – closely watched by investors as an alternative to the official data and more focused on smaller firms – offered further evidence China’s economy is losing momentum and suggests the U.S.-Sino trade war will continue to weigh on exports as prospects for a trade deal remain uncertain.
The Caixin/Markit Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) for February rose to 49.9 from 48.3 in January, just below the neutral 50-mark dividing expansion from contraction on a monthly basis.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast a sharper deterioration for February of 48.5.
The figures were more upbeat than the official survey on Thursday – which showed business sentiment in the sector dropped to a three-year low and export orders fell to their lowest in a decade – indicating a marginal improvement in domestic demand as a flurry of policy stimulus kicked in from late last year.
“Domestic manufacturing demand improved significantly, and foreign demand was not deteriorating as quickly as last year,” Zhengsheng Zhong, director of macroeconomic analysis at CEBM Group, said in a commentary accompanying the data release.
Total new orders edged back to expansionary territory in February at 50.2, compared with January’s 47.3 and ending two months’ of contraction, with output prices growing for the first time in four months.
Factory output also grew marginally after contracting the previous month.
Zhong said the recovery was due to more robust domestic demand, thanks to the early issuance of local governments’ special-purpose bonds, which were fast-tracked by Chinese authorities to spur infrastructure investment, more supportive monetary policy, and a price recovery for industrial goods.
But new export orders fell in February after a brief rebound in the previous month, and purchasing activity declined for the second straight month, likely due to still soft demand.
Chinese manufacturers signaled a deterioration in vendor performance during February. Factories also continued to cut costs by shedding staff for the 64th straight month, at a sharper pace than the previous month.
“The pressure on manufacturers’ capital turnover became obvious again, which may reflect that the financing environment was not easing as expected, and the effect of credit expansion is not yet significant,” Zhong added.
The degree of optimism among businesses also slipped from January’s eight-month high. Companies surveyed remained concerned about the U.S.-China trade dispute, relatively subdued demand conditions and restrictive national policies, saying that could further weigh on production, the statement said.
U.S. President Donald Trump’s chief trade negotiator told lawmakers on Wednesday that the United States will need to maintain the threat of tariffs on Chinese goods for years even if Washington and Beijing strike a deal to end a costly tariff war, sending global markets down.
(Reporting by Yawen Chen and Ryan Woo; Editing by Jacqueline Wong; Contact info: firstname.lastname@example.org; +86 10 6627 1207; Reuters Messaging: email@example.com)